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What types of vascular tissue are used for donation?

The types of vascular tissue used for donation are the saphenous veins and femoral vessels from the lower extremities and the aortoiliac artery from the abdomen.

How does donated vascular tissue benefit a recipient?

Vascular tissue is commonly used in surgical procedures to restore, replace or supplement poorly functioning, diseased or missing vessels.

What are the benefits and uses of donated saphenous veins?

Donated saphenous veins may be used to restore circulation to the lower extremities caused by peripheral vascular disease.

If a patient has already had their own veins removed, these veins can also be used as coronary artery bypass grafts. This is required when the patient’s coronary arteries are blocked with plaque which can lead to a heart attack and even death.

What are the benefits and uses of donated femoral vessels?

Femoral vessels are often used as superficial dialysis shunts in patients undergoing chronic dialysis treatment. This graft provides a point of access for the treatment while preventing further damage to the patient’s own vessels. It typically has a lower rate of infection than other superficial dialysis shunt options.

What are the benefits and uses of the aortoiliac artery?

This graft is commonly used as a direct replacement, or bypass, of the patient’s aortoiliac vessels in cases of severe clotting or abdominal aortic aneurysm.

A diagram of the human circulatory system. The aortoiliac artery, the great saphenous vein, femoral artery, and femoral vein are labeled. Saphenous veins, femoral vessels, and the aortoiliac artery are the types of vascular tissue used for donation.

Image credit: LadyofHats [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. Modified from the original image.